लेख

Existing Approaches of Seed Production Technology of Maize in Nepal & Their Achievements

Adoption of new technologies i.e technology dissemination is underway through different community-based approaches mainly DISSPRO, CBSP and PVS. Community mobilization through the formation of group and cooperatives and technology transfer through agriculture extension education (demonstrations, training, mini-kit/IRD-kit and visits) are keys to increase technology adoption and increase food production.  District seed self sufficiency program (DISSPRO) […]

HYBRID SEEDS IN NEPALESE AGRICULTURE

The seed produced by cross-pollination is called hybrid seed, in simple words. Hybridization is a technique that creates variability and increases vigor in a variety. Hybrids have the high yielding ability by 15-25 percent as against open-pollinated varieties. So, there is an increasing trend of using hybrids among farmers. Gaurav variety in maize was the […]

Effect of Seed Size on Seedling Vigor and Seed Yield

Seed size is an important physical indicator of seed quality that affects vegetative growth and is frequently related to yield, market grade factors and harvest efficiency. The use of high-quality seeds is essential for successful crop production and food security. Crop yield and resource use efficiency depend on the successful plant establishment in the field, […]

बिउको गुणस्तरता, उत्पादन र यसको किसानसम्मको पहूँच

गुणस्तर बिउलाई एक  शुद्ध बिउको रूपमा परिभाषित गरिएको छ, जुन आकारमा पूर्ण र एकसमान, व्यवहार्य (राम्रो बिरुवासंग ८०% भन्दा धेरै अंकुरण, बलियो  र झारपातको बीउबाट मुक्त) हुने गर्दछ। किसानको भोको पेट र ठूलो मिहेनतको बावजुत पनि यदि उनिहरूले छर्ने बिउ राम्रो छैन भने उनिहरूको मिहेनत, उत्पादन राम्रो देखिँदैन, तसर्थ बिउको गुणस्तरता अति नै आवस्यक कुरा […]

Quality seed and sustainability

Quality seed is defined as varietally pure with a high germination percentage, free from disease and disease organisms, and with proper moisture content and weight. Quality seed ensures good germination, rapid emergence, and vigorous growth. The use of quality seed helps greatly in higher production per unit area to attain the food security of the […]

कम्पोष्ट मल- महत्त्व र बनाउने तरिका

बोट बिरूवा तथा पशुपछीबाट प्राप्त हुने पराल, छवाली, गोबर, विभिन्न घाँपातहरू, खरानी, चुन आदिलाई नियमित तवरले तह–तह पारी क्रमैसँग राखी पटक–पटक पल्टाएर कुहाई तयार पारिएको मललाई कम्पोष्ट मल भनिन्छ ।गोठेमोल जस्तै यो पनि प्राङ्गारिक मल हो। कम्पोष्ट मलका फाईदाहरू:- यसले बोट बिरूवाहरूको लागि आवश्यक पर्ने विभिन्न किसिमका खाद्य तत्वहरू प्रदान गर्दछ । यसले माटोको पानी […]

Seed drying: A major step to maintain seed viability and vigor 

A variety of seeds are commonly stored for consumption or processing in the future. The primary concern in such storage is to protect the seed from damage by fire, water, insects, and rodents. However, seeds must also be preserved for sowing at a later date or for genetic experiments. When stored for such purposes, the […]

Hybrid Maize Seed Production Technology

Hybrid seed is the seed produced by hybridization i.e. by crossing between two or more homozygous inbred lines to obtain a desirable type having high yield potential. Only the F1 generation of hybrids is recommended for use as seed for commercial production. Hybrid maize seed production involves deliberately crossing a female parent population with a […]

SEED TREATMENT TECHNIQUES

Seed can be defined as a fertilized mature ovule that is enclosed in a protective testa (outer covering) possessing endosperm as food material and is an embryonic plant. Quality seed is viable and has the capacity to germinate. The role of seed in the agriculture sector is of prime importance in developing and agricultural countries […]

DESIS: Improving Seed Access in Nepal Through Technology

People’s ways of working, producing, consuming, trading, and living have all changed dramatically as a result of the COVID-19 issue. There has been a broad shift to working from home as well as a growing reliance on e-commerce for groceries and other daily necessities, both of which have impacted traditional retail. Agriculture is the main […]